French beans or snap beans are so easy to grow in just a few weeks. It can endure dry conditions possibly better than other vegetables. They are soft, long, solid but flexible nutritious pods of the bean plant. They leave the soil in a pretty good or even better healthier form after harvesting because of the nitrogen build-up on its roots. To grow French beans in a greenhouse can be easy any time of the year.
Here’s a little trivia about French beans. They are surprisingly not French. People believed that it was discovered in South and Central America where people started cultivating it around 7000 years ago. At that same time, Christopher Columbus came back from his second navigation to the New World over the year 1493, where he transported the French beans to the Mediterranean region. Around that time French beans were treated extraordinarily hence fancy but very soon developed into one of the most generally used beans. They were imported to France in the year 1597 by the Conquistadors.
Health benefits of organic French beans
French beans are a great source of vitamins and minerals including vitamins A, C, D, E, K, riboflavin, niacin, thiamine, folate, and pantothenic acid. They also contain iron, calcium, magnesium, manganese, phosphorus, potassium, sodium and zinc. Additionally, they are also abundant in amino acids, carbohydrates, fibers, water, sugar, proteins, and Omega-3 fatty acids. What more can you ask for?!
French beans grow well in greenhouses. Check out these easy steps below.
Quick overview of growing French beans in a greenhouse
- Type: Warm-season crop
- Time from seed to harvest: 45-72 days
- Germination temp: 55°F
- Time until first emergence: 7-14 days
- Best temp to grow: 65-85°F
- Height: 2.5 in
- Spread: 8-10 in
- Grow from seed: 2 in deep, 6 in apart
- Companions: Corn, potatoes, celery, cucumber, and soybeans
- Keep away from: Onions, leeks, garlic, and scallions
How to grow French beans in a greenhouse
Let’s start planting
- French beans need a mild, sunny area in the well-drained ground
- Prepare a spot in your greenhouse or use planters
- Beans thrive in fertile, well-drained soils with the optimal temperature for effective germination varying from 60°F to 75°F.
- Half-hardy annual: Low temperatures will result in poor flower growth and poor pod bearing
- Plant a seed per module around 1.5 inches deep
- Sow the seeds nine inches apart in rows, which should be 18 inches apart
- Apply a light seed fertilizer
- Seeds usually germinate between five and ten days after planting and will develop immediately
Things you should know
- Eggshell barriers, sawdust or beer traps are a few effective techniques for containing slug and snails, which are detrimental to bean seedlings
- You could install bamboo poles or plant spirals at both points of each row and tie some rope between them to help hold them upright.
- An oscillating hoe is the simplest tool for hand weeding to maintain the field around the seedlings weed free and aerated
- French beans are perfect for freezing if you have an oversupply
Favorable soil for your French beans
Grow French beans in a greenhouse using varying soil types. It can be from sandy, loam to clay. It is reasonable to perform a soil test before seeding. They thrive in light soil as well and it can do well in clay soil as long as it is rich in organic matter and a pH of between 6.5 and 7.0. Chilly, soaked heavy soil or that is acidic is harmful to them. Keep the soil moistened. Do this as it grows higher.
Let’s take a look at their watering needs
Some beans do not have a large watering requirement, while French beans may need a bit more especially when they are flowering. They love loads of water so make sure you do not allow the compost to dry out. Usually, providing between 1-2 inches of water every fortnight will be sufficient.
Regular water rations are crucial because of the soil moisture influences yield, regularity, and quality. Shortage of water when flowering and podding causes flower failure and bent pods which is heading to decreased yields. French beans, however, are very susceptible to waterlogged situations.
Bean plants want to be in a place that gets abundant lighting, which expects 8 to 10 hours of sunlight every day. Planting beans in a place that only gets 6 to 7 hours of sunshine daily may flower, but they will not produce many pods. They do not require sunlight to develop, but they want warmness. But extreme daylight can also dry out the soil, causing them to have water stress and flowers to fall.
In greenhouse growing situations, it is not influenced by the length of the day, though the brightness concerns photosynthesis. Setting your beans in a bright, shady part is the best.
Well-known French beans pests
Remember that poor disease and pest control may lead to an inferior quality harvest. Check out these common problems and instant solutions:
- Slugs and snails eat and destroy freshly-germinated French beans seedlings. Use an organic slug pellet or use a bear trap for control.
- Birds such as pigeons damage buds, leaves, and even the emerging pods.
- Greenflies are detrimental as well. They suck sap and excrete sticky mildew, which the black sooty mold finds favorable.
- Downy mildew and foot rot can be a challenge except if you practice good crop rotation, they can be quickly restrained.
- The caterpillar feeds on leaves and fragile plant parts. You may handpick them off or destroy them by soaking them in mild soap.
The bean crop is usually ripe for harvesting about 10 weeks after sowing. Harvest the pods by pulling them downwards to avoid damaging or uprooting the plant. Use scissors to trim the beans off. Regular harvest will boost more pod formation and yield a generous crop. Always choose young and soft pods. If you stop harvesting every day, the plant will stop producing so just keep picking!